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11 February 2017

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Jake G.

OT:

Col. Lang,

Lt. General Hal Moore has died. http://www.oanow.com/news/local/we-were-soldiers-hero-passes-the-celebrated-life-story-of/article_0717084e-f08a-11e6-9fcb-636a74eceacb.html

Here are some amazing words from Moore in an interview with Our Sunday Visitor:

http://www.catholic.org/news/national/story.php?id=28469

LT. GEN. HAL MOORE: I pray that my men who were killed in action under my command have eternal life in Jesus Christ. That's the best I can do.

When I go to the cemetery at Fort Benning, Georgia, a one-hour drive from my home here in Alabama, I visit the graves of my men who died in the Ia Drang Valley in 1965. My wife is buried next to Sgt. Jack Gell, whom I held in my arms just after he died. He left a wife and three children. When I go out, I will be buried in the same grave with my wife.

OUR SUNDAY VISITOR: What advice would you offer to someone who is just beginning his or her spiritual journey?

MOORE: Life on this planet is temporary. It's like a snap of the fingers compared to eternal life. You're only given one shot, your lifetime on earth, to quality for eternal life.

I often think of a prayer by Pope Clement XI: "Discover to me, O my God, the nothingness of this world, the greatness of heaven, the shortness of time, and the length of eternity."

I can hardly wait to enjoy life eternal with God and his saints, my late wife Julie, relatives, all my troops who died in battle, all the men and women of history. When I think of what awaits me if I qualify, I can hardly wait to get there.

ann

What a great read. Thank you very much.

Eliot

All,

Please excuse the tangent, but it appears Yale has renamed Calhoun College. His 19th century views ran afoul of their 21st century values.

- Eliot

Fred

Elliot,

The past must be condemned for not being like the present because the current leaders of Academia, who came of age in the '60s, are morally superior beings and are obligated to condemn those who came before them. "If one controls people's memory, one controls their dynamism ....It is vital to have possession of this memory, to control it, to administer it, tell it what it must contain..." The left has been waging war against America for a long, long time.

trinlae

With all due respect, historical revisionism and academic public facing to please favored cronies are equal opportunity employers, and do not discriminate on the basis of partisan ideologies, but rather favor perceived founts of almighty dollars. But if it pleases some to eat the bait of divide and conquer, so be it. There is no shortage of funds for bread and circuses performed by the nibblers.

Sam Peralta

Richard

Thanks for this very nice vignette of our political history. More Americans need to be aware of the twists and turns and the human frailties that have influenced our politics.

Keith Harbaugh

Might be nice to give the link to the full article from which the above is an excerpt:
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/jqadams-campaigns-and-elections

turcopolier

KH

Very cool. Thanks. pl

Tidewater

Tidewater to Richard Sale, Eliot, Fred, Trinlae, and All,

Thank you very much for this essay, Richard S. Your work has encouraged me to go back into some of my books about that era. I think both Jackson and Calhoun are titans who ought to be studied together, side by side. I can guess what John C. Calhoun might think about his name being removed from a Yale dormitory, bearing in mind that he suffered socially at Yale as a very serious minded grind from the southern backcountry. He had one friend there, also from South Carolina, John M. Felder. He wrote to the lady who became his mother-in-law: "This place is much agitated by party feelings, that both Mr. Felder and myself find it prudent to form few connections in town...This is rather a solitary place; and unless, it is now and then a southerner from college, we rarely see anyone from our end of the Union..." I think he might wonder how his name got on the dorm to begin with. (Was the naming stipulated under the terms of someone's gift to the university?)

There are ironies. He learned Nullification in Connecticut. Both at Timothy Dwight's Yale and at nearby Litchfield Law School. From "John C. Calhoun: Opportunist/ a reappraisal" by Gerald M. Capers (pages 14-15): "The Litchfield Law School, one of the very few in the nation at the time, consisted of one small building, two instructors, and about forty students. It conferred a diploma upon candidates, after the satisfactory completion of fourteen to eighteen months' work, and its high reputation resulted from the ability of its faculty--Judge Tapping Reeve and his assistant, James Gould. Students attended lectures, studied cases from English reports, and held moot courts once a week. The major emphasis of the curriculum was upon Blackstone and the common law, but the chief benefit derived came rather from training in moot court sessions and exposure to Gould's method of lucid analysis. It was here that Calhoun developed the art of extemporaneous speaking, later so useful to him in Congress, and it may have been from Gould that he acquired the logical method which was to make him cogent in debate.

"Reeve at this time was a staunch advocate of the secession of New England, and Gould, son-in-law of Uriah Tracy, another prominent New England irreconcilable, probably concurred in this view. Such a conviction was bound to have colored their teaching of constitutional law and American government. This open disunion sentiment in high places, from Dwight of Yale and Reeve of Litchfield, must have whetted Calhoun's already ardent Republicanism, smarting as he was from the social ostracism forced upon him in New Haven and Litchfield. Certainly it made him apprehensive for the future of the republic."

I remember being surprised when I first read this. The young Calhoun was a Hamiltonian! It is on the record. He was a "statesman who believed that the federal government had the power to draft citizens into the army, to charter a national bank, and to build national roads where it willed," who "necessarily placed a broad constitution upon the Constitution. In his interpretation of the basic law Calhoun was in complete accord in 1816 with Hamilton and Marshall. It is almost unbelievable that the outstanding strict constructionist in all American history could have written in 1823 that "the Supreme Court of the Union performs the highest functions under our system. It is the mediator between SOVEREIGNS, the State and General Governments, and the actual line, which separates their authority, must be drawn by this high tribunal."" (Capers, page 55.)

Why would there have been a movement in New England to leave the Union? The "Peculiar Institution" (slavery) must have been one reason. But it is interesting to me how jealous the states were of one another and how unwilling to look to the common good. New York state had brilliantly financed the Erie Canal with its own money, but one result of this advantage, as the canal began to bring western agricultural products into port of New York harbor warehouses for export, was that the Empire State did not want to contribute to building the Keystone State's (Pennsylvia) road system.

And as for the New England shipping magnates, who were heavily into the slave trade (look into the history of Brown University), and who lobbied hard to keep the south a slave region, helping to defeat the southern home-grown antislavery movement, one can see how the whole question of the opening up of the western lands was on so many minds.

Again, Capers: "But New England and the Southeast--the first thinking of her shipping which still represented a larger investment than manufacturing, and the second of her cotton and rice--both wanted an increased rather than a decreased trade with England. To both a tariff meant an increased cost of production; they regarded it as a tax which would fall heavily on them for the disproportionate benefit of the other sections. By the encouragement of internal improvements to the already alarming westward migration, land values in these older sections would be further depressed and their political power in the House further reduced by loss of population. It was already becoming apparent that New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New Orleans, and not the proud old colonial ports of Boston and Charleston, would largely monopolize western trade." (Pages 92-93.) And Calhoun was all for internal improvements.

Migration out of the south? Meaning people voting with their feet against slavery? Yes, that, but also there was a very poor understanding of proper agricultural methods. As for example with tobacco. Tobacco would deplete and ultimately ruin the land it was planted on; and when that happened, people just went west. It was very hard for farmers in the original colonies to compete with the rich lands of the West. (Capers, page 92.)

Later, even the production of rice, a tremendously lucrative business (if risky, due to West Indian cyclones, as hurricanes were called) that had thrived in parts of the South Carolina low-country for more than a century, was stolen away by Arkansas by the latter part of the Nineteenth Century.

A very fine book about the rice business and the life of this very unusual riverine society on the Carolina coast in the Combahee River region is 'Seed From Madagascar' by Duncan Clinch Hayward.

Willaim R. Cumming

Thanks Richard! My undergrad thesis on "Jacksonian Democracy in Western Pennsylvania"!

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