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15 September 2008

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John Howley

Here's a conundrum.

The road from Karachi to Peshawar is the Indus Highway which includes the Kohat Tunnel.

Do a google news search on either of those terms and you will find several reports in the Pakistani press to the effect that the Kohat Tunnel has been closed since the end of August. Also, there are mentions of bridges on the Indus Highway having been blown up.

Major NATO supply route closed for over two weeks...isn't that newsworthy?


Arun

In my opinion, the US cannot deal successfully with Afghanistan and Pakistan without having Iran on board. A cooperative Iran will greatly diminish the points of leverage that Pakistan has.

Twit

Some more data to underscore the precariousness of our relationship with Pakistan:

Pakistani troops fire on U.S. helicopters apparently delivering special operations forces (apparently SEALS, from reading other articles) on a raid against targets in
Pakistan: http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSISL14941720080915

Congressional hearings on stopping F-16 sales to Pakistan because it's possible that the USAF might eventually have to shoot them down:
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/US_faces_the_F-16s_it_supplied_Pakistan/articleshow/3482718.cms

Twit

Oops - looks like that Reuters article has been updated and it was a rumor.

VietnamVet

Colonel,

Juan Cole cites a Pakistan newspaper; "According to sources, US troops boarded on two helicopters were trying to enter onto Pakistan’s areas near Angoor Adda along Pak-Afghan border when local tribes and troops of Pakistan army resisted the move and opened fire, forcing US helicopters to return."

Nothing will unite the tribes and Muslim government troops faster than incursions by foreign Christian troops in big slow choppers.

The central Pakistan government is playing a game of chicken if it is taking under counter bribes to continue the truck convoy's through to Afghanistan. A State has to defend its territory to survive. To avoid a coup, Pakistan central government has to either stop the convoys dead in their tracks or promote covert raids to make the costs to great to continue.

In order to order to hand the head of bin Laden to the McCain/Palin ticket, the dogs of war have been unleashed in nuclear Pakistan.

zanzibar

Hopefully someone will inform the neocon armchair military strategists that Russia, China and Pakistan have the ability to retaliate. Russia and China have the ability to fire missiles that can hit any US city. Pakistan I believe have missiles with ranges that can reach the persian gulf. And as Pat points out they all have nuclear warhead delivery capability!

This is not invading Iraq as Cheney is reportedly to have said because "its doable".

And as we see today despite all the massive intervention by the Treasury and the Fed to bailout Wall Street the financial meltdown continues. Next, we can expect even more rate cuts and monetization by the Fed and more fiscal stimulus from Congress - everything but deal with the crux of the issues.

Walrus

We might well remember the massacre of the British Army and its followers in the First Afghan War (1839 - 1842), about 16,500 dead.

Dr. William Brydon, thought at the time to have been the sole survivor, was allegedly allowed to escape by the Afghans to tell the British Government what had happened to the rest of their army. Lady Butler's painting of him arriving at Jalalabad on his dying horse is touching.

Without jet and diesel fuel, and in winter weather when air support is highly problematic, I think exactly the same vulnerabilities remain.

John Howley

That pesky energy nonsense always seems to be lurking in the background:
DANIEL GRAEBER UPI Correspondent
Published: Sept. 15, 2008 at 1:04 PM

The Pakistani government is ignoring warnings from Washington and moving ahead with talks with Tehran on the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline, officials said.

Pakistani energy officials and top envoys said they would travel to Tehran for a two-day summit Sept. 27... Pakistan is facing a spiraling energy crisis, with reserves nearing exhaustion as demand continues to grow, prompting Islamabad to look to shore up its energy supplies quickly.

... U.S. energy officials told Islamabad the IPI pipeline was unacceptable to Washington.

William R. Cumming

I fully expect boots on the ground before the election in Pakistan by the US. Reason, US seems to really have no idea how it and its actions are percieved in Pakistan. This will be a crisis before Christmas. Bunker busters of US may be flying in Pakistan while those of Israel fly in Iran. The real policy should just be stated. No one allowed NUKES to be in possession of possible Islamic Jihadis. This is the real BUSH policy. As you sow you shall reap.

b

I have written about the logistic situation in Afghanistan for a while now (search Afghanistan, logistics at my blog). Seems few others are thinking about the dangers of a LoC through a country the U.S. now attacks.

"At All Cost" were the words the Pakistani chief general Kayani used recently to express the determination to fight U.S. incursions onto Pakistan.

Pakistan has nukes. "At all cost" includes nukes. The equivalent Cheney/Bush verbiage is "all options are on the table".

There is an additional curious development now.

India closed down the water-flow from the Chenab river into Pakistan. This is giving Pakistan some MAJOR headaches (famine, electricity outage, foreign reserves).

I suggest that this is a U.S. play to pressure Zardari. I do not expect this pressure to be successful. Read some editorials in the quite good Pakistan newspapers: The Dawn, The Nation or The News and you'll see why.

The Cheney/Bush administration is again playing with fire here. The lesson seen from 2010 will be comparable to Lebanon 2006 seen from 2008.

WTF is NATO allowing those separate U.S. troops these escapades like incursions into Pakistan? Yes, I know.

This will be the death of NATO as the U.S. interests/policies and personal fantasies of Bush are now endangering soldiers from some 40 other states. That is indefensible for any European government.

(Sorry for pimping my writings above, but they seem relevant and the media are sleeping over this. There are soldiers from my army involved in the fighting too.)

b

I couldn't open Pat's first link. There is an alternative here.

R Whitman

deB and pl have outlined the problem. Any proposed attempts at a solution other than retreat??

Clifford Kiracofe

1. Is the fate Afghanistan a "vital" US national interest? If so, why?

2. NATO is in Afghanistan because the concept of "out of area" operations was approved some years ago. Should NATO have remained committed only to its original mission and area? If not, why not? Why should NATO be in Afghanistan?

3. The tribals out that way have been fighting for centuries, should this surprise?

4. It did not take that much imagination to "assess" Usama and the boyz would exfiltrate from Afghanistan to Waziristan etc. poste haste. There they would naturally be protected by locals and elements of the Pak establishment military and civilian.

5. What portion of the Pak military is Islamist-hardcore?

5. What is the level of Pak civilian elite participation in the heroin trade profits?

6. What is the level of Pak military participation in the heroin trade profits?

7. What percentage of the Pak national budget is financed through the heroin trade?

8. Is it not elementary that the Taliban was created by elements of the Pak civilian and military elite and financed by Saudi etal.?

9. What is the role of Pak elites in promoting the spread of radical political Islam and associated terrorist activity?

lally

Could another source of regional instability be the most recent news of the IDF's consideration of a request from the Indian government to address Islamic insurgents in Kashmir? IDF brass was just there for 3 days:

"Under the proposed agreement, the IDF would send highly-trained commandos to train Indian soldiers in counterterror tactics, urban warfare and fighting in guerrilla settings."

http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1221142471601&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull

This detailed article provides more information on the ongoing nature of this co-operation.

http://www.kashmirwatch.com/showexclusives.php?subaction=showfull&id=1221262160&archive=&start_from=&ucat=15&var1news=value1news

Mad Dogs

Bulls in china shops never seem concern themselves with the broken dishes.

And as is the Bush/Cheney pattern, cleaning up the mess will be left to somebody else.

One would have hoped that the drunken frat-boy antics would dissipated somewhat in the 6th decade of his presence on this planet, but apparently once a frat-boy, always a frat-boy.

Seems like the Bush/Cheney motto is:

"Since we can't fix it, we'll break it."

Curious

FATA and afghanistan border are very complicated, but the way they do it will cause worst long term problem than taliban crossing the borders.

anybody know how the taliban get their weapons? (bullets supply, RPG, mine, explosives) Those can't be made in a village. It's industrial product.

Second, the ecoonomy of FATA and taliban. How can they sustain all that? Opium trade?

--------------

from Georgian conflict. German reports not being happy with the attack.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,578273,00.html

But then Saunders qualifies his statement: "More and more people are realizing that there are two sides in this conflict, and that Georgia was not as much a victim as a willing participant." Members of US President George W. Bush's administration, too, are reconsidering their position. Georgia "marched into the South Ossetian capital" after a series of provocations, says Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Daniel Fried.

Does this suggest that America's pronouncements of solidarity with Saakashvili were just as premature as those of the Europeans? British Prime Minister Gordon Brown had called for a "radical" review of relations with Moscow, Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt decried what he called a violation of international law, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel promised Georgia that, at some point, it would "become a member of NATO, if it so wishes."

condfusedponderer

Troubling news indeed.

And pissing off Russia over Georgia (and in general, and in doing so making them actively unhelpful, also isn't the smartest of moves with regard to Afghanistan. But then, this is the wrecking crew at work...

The attacks in Pakistan are a convenient way of blaming the mess and lack of progress in Afghanistan all on Pakistan, while giving in to their own urges for escalation. That's the flipside of can-do spirit. The step supports McCain's views, which helps him making his case to be 'tough on national security'. Also consider the implications for 'presidential legacy' - going after Bin Laden - squarely - after seven years of waiting.

All that means that attacking Pakistan was irresistible for Bush. Attacking in Pakistan of course means that being allied with Russia and Iran is all the more important, but that are both things the Bushies can't get themselves to accept, probably much like McCain.

Twit

R Whitman: "Any proposed attempts at a solution other than retreat??"

How about a "Congress of South Asia" (in tribute to PL's for the ME) with a series of mutually beneficial deals between the US and:
1. The Pashtuns and the Baluchi tribal leaders (we get AQ takfiris, they get autonomy from Islamabad),
2. The Pakistani Government (we get intel and agreements to make (1) happen and they get trade deals plus assurances that US will end the destabilizing GWOT on their territory)
3. Iran (we get Iranian commitments to eliminate heroin route through Iran, and they get counternarcotics resources plus some diplomatic benefits).
4. India (we get their support vis a via Pakistan, they get US support vs China)


Benefits: elimination of the actual threat to US interests (AQ), more stability in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and decreased capabilities of Taliban (by cutting off their primary funding stream, heroin).

Costs: the above, plus a conversation with Iran, an end to the idea of an indefinite, unlimited war on terror.

I'm not a regional expert, but thought that might be a good starting point for discussion? What do you all think?

David Habakkuk

Arun,

Certainly Iran has every interest in countering Sunni jihadists -- as has been dramatised by the virulent sectarianism these have displayed in Iraq. So too have the Russians -- who control the supply lines through the north. To eschew any serious attempt at a compromise settlement with the Persians, while getting involved in a new Cold War with the Russians over an unbending commitment to arbitrary borders created by Stalin, indicates strategic incompetence of a high order.

b,

It may not simply be the soldiers of foreign countries who are endangered.

The Pakistan High Commissioner in London, Wajid Shamsul Hasan, has -- perfectly sensibly, in my view -- pointed to the potentially highly dangerous effects of the responses of the very large part of Britain's Muslim community which has its roots in Pakistan. According to the Telegraph:

'His remarks followed outrage in Pakistan over five attacks in the past 10 days, including a ground assault in the village of Angoor Adda in which 20 people were killed. US officials said they were all supporters of terrorism but Pakistan insists they were civilians, including women and children.

'Mr Hasan said: "This will infuriate Muslims in this country and make the streets of London less safe. There are one million Pakistanis in the diaspora here and resentment is mounting. I'm being flooded by text messages from community leaders saying we must organise our anger.

'"The Americans' trigger-happy actions will radicalise young Muslims. They're playing into the hands of the very militants we're supposed to be fighting."'

(See http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/2957417/American-raids-inside-Pakistan-could-provoke-terror-attacks-in-London-says-top-official.html.)

Cold War Zoomie

Where's the "reset" button?

Time to push it.

b

Pakistan orders troops to open fire if US raids

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - Pakistan's military has ordered its forces to open fire if U.S. troops launch another air or ground raid across the Afghan border, an army spokesman said Tuesday.
...
"The orders are clear," [army spokesman] Abbas said in an interview. "In case it happens again in this form, that there is a very significant detection, which is very definite, no ambiguity, across the border, on ground or in the air: open fire."

Andy

First, there was no real interruption in NATO supplies. A few trucks were temporarily halted in Pakistan. Pakistani authorities have variously described the reasoning as for inspections, or because of security concerns along a particularly dangerous stretch of roadway.

That is not to say that Pakistan wasn't making a political point to the US and NATO and reminding them the Afghan operation's dependencies. This "blockade" undoubtedly had a domestic political component as well, one aimed at a restive Pakistani populace already sensitive about the border and US air strikes inside Pakistan. Pakistan must tread carefully given its unenviable position between its powerful "ally" the US and elements of its own population and factions within the government.

All sides here are playing a dangerous game - too dangerous, IMO. US ground operations inside Pakistan may have some effect on the Taliban/AQ leadership, but at the cost of a further destabilized Pakistan. I don't think the trade-off is worth it in the long run. Instability in a nuclear-armed nation is a danger that everyone should be concerned about. Once again, the US does not seem to be thinking beyond the medium term. We seem all too willing to trade transitory short-term gain at the cost of increased long-term risk.

JohnH

R Whitman: "Any proposed attempts at a solution other than retreat??"

How about starting with an assessment of WTF we're doing there? We're obviously not there to fight terrorism, since we're creating more of them every day.

How about demanding that our leaders make a clear statement regarding the West's vital strategic interests in Afghanistan? Then how about if they define some measurable objectives and a clear mission that directly address those interests? Once those basic elements are clear, then we can determine whether to continue the fight or retreat.

It's astounding that we're eagerly going to war without a clue as to why we're doing what we're doing. We're there because we're there--imperial hubris. The forward march of "freedom and democracy" cannot be reversed, just like the Soviets thought that the forward march of Communism could not be reversed 30 years ago--except that it was reversed...in Afghanistan.

Clifford Kiracofe

"The key in Pakistan, as always, is the army. If the already heightened U.S. raids inside the country continue to escalate, the much-vaunted unity of the military High Command might come under real strain. At a meeting of corps commanders in Rawalpindi on September 12th, Pakistani Chief of Staff General Ashfaq Kayani received unanimous support for his relatively mild public denunciation of the recent U.S. strikes inside Pakistan in which he said the country's borders and sovereignty would be defended "at all cost."
....

"The neo-Taliban now control at least twenty Afghan districts in Kandahar, Helmand, and Uruzgan provinces. It is hardly a secret that many officials in these zones are closet supporters of the guerrilla fighters. Though often characterized as a rural jacquerie they have won significant support in southern towns and they even led a Tet-style offensive in Kandahar in 2006. Elsewhere, mullahs who had initially supported President Karzai's allies are now railing against the foreigners and the government in Kabul. For the first time, calls for jihad against the occupation are even being heard in the non-Pashtun northeast border provinces of Takhar and Badakhshan."


http://www.truthout.org/article/bushs-war-widens-dangerously

Shrike58

At a certain point Afghanistan changed from being a theatre in the global war on terror to being part of the American war on drugs; just another fine example of mission creep.

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